Analysis of Parameters for a Distributed Temperature Sensing based on Raman Scattering

Luís Cicero Bezerra da Silva, Maria Jose Pontes, Marcelo Eduardo Vieira Seggato

Abstract


This paper presents a theoretical and computational study on the analysis of parameters for distributed temperature sensing in optical fibers, based on spontaneous Raman scattering effect. The parameters studied were the optical power level, the range of frequency modulation and the length of the sensor element, as well as the application of optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR). Two different approaches of reading temperature information from the backscattered signal were also tested. First, one considered the pulse response, and later the ratio between the amplitudes of the detected signals were taken. Such analysis has shown the second method is more efficient to detect the peak of hot spot temperature in the fiber. Spatial resolution equal to 0.96 m and a temperature resolution of 0.089 ºC were achieved using singlemode fiber 30 meters long.


Keywords


DTS, OFDR, Spontaneous Raman Scattering.

Full Text:

PDF

References


J. P. Bazzo, D. R. Pipa, C. Martelli, E. V. Silva and J. C. C. Silva, "Improving Spatial Resolution of Raman DTS Using Total Variation Deconvolution," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 4425-4430, Jun. 2016.

H. S. Pradhan and P. K. Sahu, "Characterisation of Raman distributed temperature sensor using deconvolution algorithms," IET Optoelectronics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 101-107, 2015.

Z. Sha-lu, G. Hui, P. Jian-yu, Z. Hui-hui and W. Jian-feng, "Application research of distributed optical fiber Raman temperature sensor in the security of oil depot," Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC), 2015, Shenzhen, 2015, pp. 1-4.

E. Udd, W. Spillman, "The emergence of fiber optic sensor technology,`` Fiber Optic Sensors: An Introduction for Engineers and Scientists. pp. 1-8, 2011.

F. Marignetti et al., "Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Electric Field Measurement in the End Windings of High-Voltage Electric Machines," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 2796-2802, May. 2016.

J. Clement, G. Torregrosa, J. Hervás, D. Barrera, S. Sales and C. R. Fernández-Pousa, "Interrogation of a Sensor Array of Identical Weak FBGs Using Dispersive Incoherent OFDR," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 1154-1156, May. 2016.

A. Morana, S. Girard, E. Marin, J. Perisse, J. Genot, J. Kuhnhenn, J. Grelin, L. Hutter, G. Melin, L. Lablonde, T. Robin, B. Cadier, J. R. Mace, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, "Radiation-Hardened Fiber Bragg Grating Based Sensors for Harsh Environments," IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science , 2016.

D. Leandro, V. deMiguel-Soto and M. López -Amo, "High-Resolution Sensor System Using a Random Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, no. 19, pp. 4596-4602, Oct. 2016.

J. Li, L. Xu and K. Kishida, "FBG-Based Positioning Method for BOTDA Sensing," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 13, pp. 5236-5242, Jul. 2016.

A. Ukil, H. Braendle and P. Krippner, "Distributed Temperature Sensing: Review of Technology and Applications," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 885-892, May. 2012.

A. Lopez-Gil, X. Angulo-Vinuesa, A. Dominguez-Lopez, S. Martin-Lopez and M. Gonzalez-Herraez, "Simple Baseband Method for the Distributed Analysis of Brillouin Phase-Shift Spectra," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1379-1382, Jul. 2016.

H. Q. Chang et al., "DBA-Based BOTDA Using Optical Comb Pump and Pulse Coding With a Single Laser," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 1142-1145, May. 2016.

X. Angulo-Vinuesa, A. Dominguez-Lopez, A. Lopez-Gil, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. Martin-Lopez and M. Gonzalez-Herraez, "Limits of BOTDA Range Extension Techniques," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 3387-3395, May. 2016.

X. Bao and L. Chen, "Recent progress in distributed fiber optic sensors,`` Sensors, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 8601–8639, 2012.

L. Ferreira, F. Araújo, C. Barbosa, N. Costa, A. Arêde, A. Costa, and P. Costa, "Implementation of a fiber Bragg grating sensor network for structural monitoring of a new stone bridge,`` presented at the Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management-Bridge Maintenance, Life-Cycle Performance and Cost, 2006.

E. J. Friebele, "Fiber Bragg grating strain sensors: present and future applications in smart structures,`` Optics and Photonics News, vol. 9, no. 8, 1998.

E. Karamehmedovic, "Incoherent optical frequency domain reflectometry for distributed thermal sensing,`` thesis, Department of Communications, Optics and Materials, Technical University of Denmark, 2006.

L. Zhang, X. Feng, W. Zhang, and X. Liu, "Improving spatial resolution in fiber Raman distributed temperature sensor by using deconvolution algorithm,`` Chinese Optics Letters, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 560–563, 2009.

Y. S. Muanenda et al., "Advanced Coding Techniques for Long-Range Raman/BOTDA Distributed Strain and Temperature Measurements," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 342-350, Jan. 2016.

M. A. Farahani and T. Gogolla, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in optical fibers with modulated probe light for distributed temperature Raman remote sensing," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1379-1391, Aug. 1999.

K. Rottwitt, J. Bromage, A. J. Stentz, Lufeng Leng, M. E. Lines and H. Smith, "Scaling of the Raman gain coefficient: applications to germanosilicate fibers," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1652-1662, Jul. 2003.

G. Bolognini and A. Hartog, "Raman-based fibre sensors: Trends and applications,`` Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 678–688, 2013.

LIOS TECHNOLOGY®, Manuals, whitepapers. [accessed in 21 October 2016]. Available: http://www.lios-technology.com.

L. Ismail, et al., "High-temperature distributed sensor based on Raman and multimode standard telecom fiber," Novel Optical Materials and Applications, Optical Society of America, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2179-10742017v16i1886

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright 2007-2016 JMOe Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics Society (SBMO) and Brazilian Society of Electromagnetism (SBMag)