Long-term stability decay of standard and regenerated Bragg gratings tailored for high temperature operation

F. K. Coradin, V. de Oliveira, M. Muller, Hypolito José Kalinowski, J. L. Fabris


Thermal stability of both standard and regenerated Bragg gratings written in normal and photosensitive optical fibers was accessed. An apparent spectral wavelength stabilization of common gratings with no thermal hysteresis was reached after thermal treatments. However, after a time interval of 5 months, gratings exhibited a shift in the resonance Bragg wavelength at room temperature, as well as important changes in the thermal sensitivity above 200 ºC. Regenerated gratings proved to be stable only at temperatures below the critical regeneration temperature, with significant loss of reflectivity above that critical value

Full Text:



K. O. Hill, , G Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,`` Journal of Lightwave and Technology, vol. 15, issue 8, pp. 1263-1276, 1997.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askin, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors,`` Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1478-1463, 1997.

E. Lindner, C. Chojetztki, S. Brueckner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, J. Vlekken, H. Bartelt, "Arrays of Regenerated Fiber Bragg Gratings in Non-Hydrogen-Loaded Photosensitive Fibers for High-Temperature Sensor Networks,`` Sensors vol. 9, no. 10, pp 8377-8381, 2009.

S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, D. Goodchild, "Thermal decay of fiber Bragg gratings written in boron and germanium codoped silica fiber,`` Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 15, pp. 1470-1477, 1997.

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, M. D. Gallagher, "Annealing of Bragg gratings in hydrogen-loaded optical fiber,`` Journal Applied Physics, vol. 78, pp. 2940-2945, 1995.

G. Brambilla, L. Reekie, C. Contardi, D. Milanese, M. Ferraris, "Bragg gratings in ternary SiO2: SnO2: Na2O optical glass fibers,`` Optics Letters, vol.25, no. 16, pp. 1153-1155, 2000.

E. M. Dianov, K. M. Golant, , R. R. Khrapko, A. S. Kurkov, , B. Leconte, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, "Grating formation in a germanium free silicon oxinitride fibre,`` Electronics Letters, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 236-238, 1997.

Q. Wang, A. Hidayat, P. Niay, M. Douay, " Influence of Blanket Postexposure on the Thermal Stability of the Spectral Characteristics of Gratings Written in a Telecommunication Fiber Using Light at 193 nm,`` Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1078-1083, 2000.

S. Bandyopadhyay, J. Canning, M. Stevenson, K. Cook, "Ultra-high temperature regenerated gratings in boron codoped germanosilicate optical fibre using 193 nm,`` Opt. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 1917–1919, 2008.

J. Canning, M. Stevenson, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Cook, "Extreme silica optical fibre gratings,`` Sensors, vol. 8, pp. 6448–6452, 2008.

J. Canning, S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Stevenson, P. Biswas, J. Fenton, M. Ã…slund, "Regenerated Gratings,`` Journal of European optical Society-Rapidy Publications, 4, no. 09052, 2009.

M. Fokine, "Formation of thermally stable chemical composition gratings in optical fibers,`` Journal Optical Society of America B, vol. 19, issue 8, pp. 1759-1765, 2002.

E. Lindner, C. Chojetztki, S. Brueckner, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, "Thermal regeneration of fiber Bragg gratings in photosensitive fibers,`` Opt. Expr, vol. 17, pp. 12523–12531, 2009.

M. L. Åslund, J. Canning, F. Hongyan, H. Tam,"Rapid disappearance of regenerated Fibre Bragg Gratings at Temperatures approaching 1500 ºC in Boron-codoped Germanosilicate Optical Fibre,`` 4th European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors-EWOFS'2010, Porto, Portugal, 2010.

D. Barrera, V. Finazzi, J. Villatoro, S. Sales, V. Pruneri, "Packaged Optical Sensors Based on Regenerated Fiber Bragg Gratings for High Temperature Applications,`` IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 107-111, 2012.

Evaluation of measurement data – Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement, JGCM 100:2008, published by BIPM in the name of BIPM, IEC, IFCC, ILAC, ISO, IUPAC, IUPAP and OIML, 2008.

G. R. C. Possetti, R. C. Kamikawachi, M. Muller, J. L. Fabris, "Metrological Evaluation of Optical Fiber Grating-Based Sensors: An Approach Towards the Standardization,`` Journal of Lightwave Technology (Print), vol. 30, pp. 1042-1052, 2012.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-10742013000200038


  • There are currently no refbacks.

© Copyright 2007-2016 JMOe Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics Society (SBMO) and Brazilian Society of Electromagnetism (SBMag)