Statistical Modeling of Rain Attenuation in Tropical Terrestrial Links

Fernando J. A. Andrade, Luiz A. R. da Silva Mello, Marlene S. Pontes, Marcio E. C. Rodrigues

Abstract


This paper presents a statistical modeling of rain attenuation in terrestrial links located in a tropical region using different types of distribution. Each distribution is tested against long-term statistics of data collected during up to two years of experimental measurements in links operating at 15 GHz. Statistics obtained from each distribution are tested against the corresponding ones derived from the experimental data using a test variable described in the ITU recommendation P.311-13 and an alternative test variable.

Full Text:

PDF

References


H. Lin, "Statistical behavior of rain attenuation,`` Bell Syst.Tech. Journal, vol. 52, pp. 557-581, Apr. 1973.

T. Maseng and P. M. Bakken, "A stochastic dynamic model of rain attenuation,`` IEEE Trans. Com., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 660-669, May 1981.

F. Lacoste, M. Bousquet, L. Castanet, F. Cornet, and J. Lemorton, "Improvement of the ONERA-CNES rain attenuation time series synthesizer and validation of the dynamic characteristics of the generated fade events,`` Space Comm. Journal, vol. 20, no. 1-2, pp. 45-59, 2005.

Recommendation ITU-R 1853, "Tropospheric attenuation time series synthesis``, 2009.

B. C. Gremont and M. Filip, "Spatio-temporal rain attenuation model for application to fade mitigation techniques," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1245-1256, May 2004.

M. Cheffena, L. E. Braten, and T. Ekman, "On the Space-Time Variations of Rain Attenuation," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1771-1782, June 2009.

A. D. Panagopoulos, P.-D. M. Arapoglou, J. D. Kanellopoulos, and P. G. Cottis, "Long-term rain attenuation probability and site diversity gain prediction formulas,`` IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 2307-2313, Jul. 2005.

S. A. Kanellopoulos, G. Fikioris, A. D. Panagopoulos, and J. D. Kanellopoulos, "A modified synthesis procedure for first order stochastic differential equations for the simulation of baseband random processes,`` Signal Processing, vol. 87, pp. 3063-3074, June 2007.

A. D. Panagopoulos and J. D. Kanellopoulos, "Adjacent Satellite Interference Effects as Applied to the Outage Performance of an Earth-Space System Located in a Heavy Rain Climatic Region``, Annals of Telecommunications, no. 9-10, pp.925-9422, 2002.

M. E. C. Rodrigues, G. Carrie, L. Castanet, and L. A. R. da Silva Mello, "Study and test of rain attenuation time series synthesizers for tropical and equatorial areas,`` in Proc. 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Barcelona, 2010, pp. 1-5.

F. J. A. Andrade, M. E. C. Rodrigues, and L. A. R. da Silva Mello, "Terrestrial rain attenuation time series synthesizers for tropical regions," J. Microw. Optoelectron. Electromagn. Appl., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 131-142, 2011.

F. J. A. Andrade, M. E. C. Rodrigues, and L. A. R. da Silva Mello, "Development of Rain Attenuation Synthesizers for Earth-Space and Terrestrial Links in Tropical Climates,`` in Proc. of 2011 SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference, Natal, Brazil, Nov. 2011, pp. 318-322.

F. J. A. Andrade and L. A. R. da Silva Mello, "Rain Attenuation Time Series Synthesizer Based on the Gamma Distribution," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 10, pp. 1381-1384, 2011.

C. I. Kourogiorgas, A. D. Panagopoulos, I. D. Kanellopoulos, and G. K. Karagiannidis, "On the Inverse Gaussian Modeling of Rainfall Rate and Slant Path and Terrestrial Links Rain Attenuation,`` in Proc. 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Prague, 2012, pp. 1-5.

L. A. R. Silva Mello, E. Costa, and R. S. L. Souza, "Rain attenuation measurements at 15 and 18 GHz,`` Electronics Letters, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 197-198, Feb. 2002.

M. S. Pontes, L. A. R. da Silva Mello, M. J. Willis, S. Salamon, and T. Tjelta, "Experimental data and testing procedures for modelling of propagation effects on terrestrial radio links from C to W bands,`` in Proc. 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Prague, 2012, pp. 1-4.

M. Evans, N. Hastings, and B. Peacock. Statistical Distributions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000.

Recommendation ITU-R 311-13, "Acquisition, presentation and analysis of data in studies of tropospheric propagation``, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-10742012000200007

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright 2007-2016 JMOe Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics Society (SBMO) and Brazilian Society of Electromagnetism (SBMag)