Polarization Maintaining Highly Birefringent Small Mode Area Photonic Crystal Fiber at Telecommunication Window

S. S. Mishra, Vinod K. Singh


In this paper a highly polarization maintaining birefringent photonic crystal fiber at telecommunication window is reported via Full-Vectorial Finite Element Method (FV-FEM). By taking triangular lattice of three ring hexagonal structure PCF with  suitable designing parameters such as symmetrical elliptical hole along radial axis of ellipticity a/b=5µm, air hole diameter d=1µm and pitch Λ=2.3µm, high birefringence (2.437×10-3) with small effective mode area(9.47µm2)  and beat length (0.64cm) are found at wavelength 1.55µm.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2179-10742011000100004


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