Design of CPW–Fed Ultra wideband Fractal Antenna and Backscattering Reduction

Raj Kumar

Abstract


This paper presents the design of ultra-wideband (UWB) circular shaped Fractal antenna and its backscattering reduction. The fourth iterative Circular fractal antenna have been designed and fabricated on εr = 4.3 and h = 1.53 mm with radius 41 mm. The antenna offers excellent ultra wideband performance ranging from 0.80 GHz to 10.68 GHz. The antenna exhibits impedance bandwidth of 9.88 GHz corresponding to 172.13 % at – 10 dB return loss points. The lower end frequency of fractal antenna shifted to 0.8 GHz in comparison to simple patch resonant frequency 1.446 GHz of same dimension. This indicates the size reduction of antenna. The experimental radiation pattern of fractal antenna has been observed nearly omni-directional. The backscattering reduction of fractal antenna has also been studied. The fourth iterative fractal antenna exhibits low backscattering. The effect of superstrate on antenna metallization can be helpful to tune the low RCS minima in operating band. Such type of antenna can be used for UWB system, radar and EW applications.

Full Text:

PDF

References


J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip Antennas, Dedham, Ma, Artech House, 1981.

C. Puente, J. Romeu, R. Pous, and A. Cardama, "On the behavior of the Sierpinski multiband antenna,'' IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 517-524, 1998.

S. N. Khan, J. Hu, J. Xiong, and S. He, "Circular fractal monopole antenna for low VSWR UWB applications``, Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 1, pp. 19–25, 2008.

Edward Lule, Tadeusz Babij, and Time Derivative, "Koch island fractal ultra wideband dipole antenna``, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Vol. 3, pp. 2516 – 2519, June 2004.

J. P. Gianviffwb and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Fractal antennas: A novel antenna miniaturization technique``, and applications``, Antennas Propag. Mag. Vol. 44, pp. 20–36, 2002.

G. Cui, Y. Liu, and S. Gong, "A novel fractal patch antenna with low RCS``, Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications``, Vol. 21, No. 15, pp. 2403–2411, 2007.

D. R. Jackson,``The RCS of a rectangular microstrip patch in a substrate-superstrate geometry'', IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 38, pp. 2-8, 1990.

D - EM Simulator, Concerto 6.5, Vector Fields Limited, U.K. 2006


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright 2007-2016 JMOe Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics Society (SBMO) and Brazilian Society of Electromagnetism (SBMag)