A Novel Fractal Multi-band Frequency Selective Surface

M. Fallah, A. H. Nazeri, M. R. Azadkhah

Abstract


In this paper, a new multiband fractal frequency selective surface (MF-FSS) is proposed. The work presents a new fractal design methodology for FSSs with Swastika fractal patch elements. The proposed MF-FSS includes periodic arrays of metallic patches, printed on a single layer substrate. The structure parametric analysis is carried out in terms of fractal iterations, geometry elements, and unit-cell size. The simple controllable feature of the proposed structure lets us tune the given parameters of FSS geometry to achieve adjustable bandstop filter. The fractal geometry allows us to design compact structures (CP = 54%) that behave like dual-polarized bandstop filters. The designed structure is validated by means of an excellent agreement between the simulation and measurement results. Also, results show the proposed structure presents the most desirable features like fractal compactness, multiband response, dual polarization, excellent angular stability, and controllability. This work presents a fundamental structure that can be applied into the more complex and sophisticated designs in future.

Keywords


frequency selective surface, FSS, multiband, fractal, tunable,Angular Stability, Dual Polarization, Absorbers, Band Stop Filters, Home Shielding

Full Text:

PDF

References


Wu, Te-Kao, ed. Frequency selective surface and grid array. Vol. 40. Wiley-Interscience, 1995.

Vardaxoglou, John C. Frequency selective surfaces: analysis and design. Vol. 997. London: Research Studies Press, 1997.

Munk, Ben A. Frequency selective surfaces: theory and design. John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

M. Raspopoulos and S. Stavrou, "Frequency Selective Buildings Through Frequency Selective Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 2998-3005, 2011.

G. Kiani, L. Olsson, A. Karlsson, K. Esselle and M. Nilsson, "Cross-Dipole Bandpass Frequency Selective Surface for Energy-Saving Glass Used in Buildings", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 520-525, 2011.

Mingyun, Lü, Huang Minjie, and Wu Zhe. "Design of multi-band frequency selective surfaces using multi-periodicity combined elements", Journal of Systems Engineering and Electronics, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 675-680, 2009.

L. Araújo, R. Maniçoba, A. Campos and A. d'Assunção, "A simple dual-band frequency selective surface", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 942-944, 2009.

A. Qing and C. Lee, "An Improved Model for Full Wave Analysis of Multilayered Frequency Selective Surface With Gridded Square Element - Abstract", Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1397-1398, 2000.

A. Campos and A. d'Assunção, "Frequency selective surfaces on ISO/anisotropic substrates with dielectric losses", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 1041-1044, 2007.

D. Mamedes, A. Gomes Neto, J. e Silva and J. Bornemann, "Design of reconfigurable frequency-selective surfaces including the PIN diode threshold region", IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1483-1486, 2018.

M. Fallah, A. Ghayekhloo and A. Abdolali, "Design of Frequency Selective Band Stop Shield Using Analytical Method", Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 217-228, 2015.

M. Fallah and M. Hashem Vadjed-Samiei, "Designing a Bandpass Frequency Selective Surface Based on an Analytical Approach Using Hexagonal Patch-Strip Unit Cell", Electromagnetics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 25-39, 2014.

E. Zanganeh, M. Fallah, A. Abdolali and N. Komjani, "New approach to design dual-band frequency selective surface based on frequency response tunning of each individual layer", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 1423-1429, 2016.

Nasrollahi, H., et al. "Novel algorithm for designing reflect-array antennas based on analytical methods." AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications 97 (2018): 280-289.

Karthie, S., and S. Salivahanan. "Hilbert fractal stub‐based wideband microstrip bandpass filter with notched band on low‐cost substrate." Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 60.5 (2018): 1112-1115.

Nazeri, Amir H., Abolfazl Falahati, and R. M. Edwards. "A Novel Compact Fractal UWB Antenna with Triple Reconfigurable Notch Reject Bands Applications." AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications (2019).

Anwar, Rana, Lingfeng Mao, and Huansheng Ning. "Frequency Selective Surfaces: A Review." Applied Sciences 8.9 (2018): 1689.

J. Zhang, Y. Yin and J. Ma, "FREQUENCY SELECTIVE SURFACES WITH FRACTAL FOUR LEGGED ELEMENTS", Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, vol. 8, pp. 1-8, 2009.

A. Ray, M. Kahar, D. Sarkar and P. Sarkar, "On fractal FSS suitable for WLAN and WiMAX communication", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1546-1550, 2015.

W. Wang, P. Zhang, S. Gong, B. Lu, J. Ling and T. Wan, "Compact angularly stable frequency selective surface using hexagonal fractal configurations", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 2541-2544, 2009.

H. Silva Filho, C. Silva, M. Oliveira, E. Oliveira, M. Melo, T. Sousa and A. Gomes Neto, "Multiband FSS with Fractal Characteristic Based on Jerusalem Cross Geometry", Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 932-941, 2017.

Munk, Ben A. Frequency selective surfaces: theory and design. John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

M. da Silva, C. Nóbrega, P. Silva and A. D'Assunção, "Dual-polarized band-stop FSS spatial filters using vicsek fractal geometry", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 31-34, 2012.

J. Trindade, P. da F. Silva, A. Campos and A. D'Assuncao, "Analysis of Stop-Band Frequency Selective Surfaces With Dürer's Pentagon Pre-Fractals Patch Elements", IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1518-1521, 2011.

P. Silva, A. dos Santos, R. Cruz and A. D'Assunção, "Dual-band bandstop frequency selective surfaces with gosper prefractal elements", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 771-775, 2012

R. Saidi, M. Titaouine, A. Djouimaa, T. Sousa, A. Gomes Neto, K. Bencherif and H. Baudrand, "Characterization of Switchable Rectangular Ring FSS with Non Coupled Parallel Metallic Strips for Multi Band and Dual Polarized Applications Using WCIP Method", Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 102-120, 2018.

Shufeng Zheng, Yingzeng Yin, Jun Fan, Xi Yang, Biao Li and Weixing Liu, "Analysis of Miniature Frequency Selective Surfaces Based on Fractal Antenna–Filter–Antenna Arrays", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 240-243, 2012.

C. de Lucena Nóbrega, M. Ribeiro da Silva, P. da Fonseca Silva and A. D’Assunção, "A compact frequency selective surface with angular stability based on the Sierpinski fractal geometry", Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 2308-2316, 2013.

Bilvam, Sridhar, et al. "Miniaturized Band Stop FSS Using Convoluted Swastika Structure." Frequenz 71.1-2 (2017): 51-56

Sangeetha, B., et al. "Design of airborne radome using Swastika-shaped metamaterial-element based FSS." 2016 IEEE Annual India Conference (INDICON). IEEE, 2016.

Narayan, Shiv, et al. "Novel Metamaterial-Element-Based FSS for Airborne Radome Applications." IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66.9 (2018): 4695-4707.

Natarajan, Rajesh, et al. "A compact frequency selective surface with stable response for WLAN applications." IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 12 (2013): 718-720.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2179-10742019v18i21559

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright 2007-2016 JMOe Brazilian Microwave and Optoelectronics Society (SBMO) and Brazilian Society of Electromagnetism (SBMag)